EdTech 506 – Chapter 5

Figure and ground provide the visual elements of what is supposed to be perceived.  The perception principle is to describe the mind’s natural tendency to make distinctions.  The illustrations I have provided are to show a plain white background versus the black background to show which image draws the attention of the learner.

The three types of figure-ground issues can confuse the learner.  The images the interfere with the instructional messages are:

1)  The figure and ground compete.

2)  The figure should be the ground and vice versa.

3)  The figure and ground create an optical illusion.

My goal is to illustrate the difference between black and white, image and non-demonstrative image, simple versus complicated.  The goal is to visually concentrate on either the black or the white and create an understanding of the instructional message.


Lohr, L. (2008).Creating graphics for learning and performance: lessons in visual literacy (2nd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ.


About cadeleo
My name is Christina DeLeo, I am a grad student working on completing my Master's of Educational Technology degree at Boise State University.

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